HoneyComb LX2 / ClearFog CX LX2 Quick Start Guide

 

Introduction

The following quick start guide provides background information about the HoneyComb LX2 and ClearFog CX LX2 products which use the LX2160A Computer on module.

The guide will give a technical overview about the product and by the end of it you should be able to boot an operating system and begin testing your application.

Revision and Notes

Date

Owner

Revision

Notes

 

Hardware Setup

Product Specifications

 

ClearFog CX LX2

HoneyComb LX2

 

ClearFog CX LX2

HoneyComb LX2

I/Os

3 x USB 3.0
3 x USB 2.0

3 x USB 3.0
3 x USB 2.0

Networking

1 x QSFP port 100GbE
4 x SFP+ ports (10GbE each)
1 x 1GbE copper (RJ45)

4 x SFP+ ports (10GbE each)
1 x 1GbE copper (RJ45)

Processor

NXP Layerscape LX2160A 16-core Arm Cortex A72 up to 2GHz

NXP Layerscape LX2160A 16-core Arm Cortex A72 up to 2GHz

Memory & Storage

Up to 64GB DDR4 DIMM
64GB eMMC
MicroSD
4 x SATA 3.0

Up to 64GB DDR4 DIMM
64GB eMMC
MicroSD
4 x SATA 3.0

Misc.

USB to STM32 for remote management

USB to STM32 for remote management

Development and Debug interfaces

Micro USB
JTAG

Micro USB
JTAG

Power

ATX standard

ATX standard

Expansion card I/Os

1 x PCIe x8 Gen 3.0, open slot (can support x16)
1 x M.2

1 x PCIe x8 Gen 3.0, open slot (can support x16)
1 x M.2

Temperature

Commercial: 0°C to 70°C

Commercial: 0°C to 70°C

Dimensions

PCBA: 170 x 170mm

PCBA: 170 x 170mm

ClearFog CX

 

HoneyComb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • See list of tested LX2160A COM Tested SO-DIMM Memory modules.

  • The difference between the two versions is that HoneyComb does not have a QSFP interface

  • Serdes-1 lanes 0..3 are routed to the QSFP28 connector via TI retimers

  • Serdes-1 lanes 4..7 are directly connected to the 4xSFP+ ports

Block Diagram

The following figure describes the ClearFog CX Block Diagram.

Visual features overview

Please see below the features overview of the connector side of the HoneyComb

Software Setup

Cable setup and prerequisites

Here is what you will need to power up the board:

  • Linux or Windows PC

  • ClearFog CX/ HoneyComb

  • ATX 150W+ or Pico PSU 5A@12V

  • Micro USB to USB for console, the ClearFog Base has an onboard FTDI chip.

  • IP router or IP switch

The following is a list of industry-standard cables, sorted by type, with the necessary compliance requirements that have been proven to work well with the ClearFog product family.

These examples are the cables which SolidRun uses for testing, and should provide enough information to source products from your preferred cable vendor.

  • Ethernet cable: Monoprice 24AWG Cat6A 500MHz STP

  • USB Cable: SuperSpeed USB 3.0 Type A Male to Female Extension Cable in Black

  • SFP connector: GigaLite GE-GB-P1RT-E SFP module with Monoprice 24AWG Cat6A 500MHz STP cable

Boot Select

Before powering up the board for the first time it is recommended to select the boot media. In order to configure the boot media, please refer to the following DIP switch:

Boot media

Switch 1

Switch 2

Switch 3

Switch 4

Switch 5

SD

OFF

ON

ON

ON

X

eMMC

OFF

ON

ON

OFF

X

SPI

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

X


The following shows how to set the switches on the boot source selector:

 

 

Booting from an SD card

The switches on the boot source SW1 selector must be set as follows:

Switch 1

Switch 2

Switch 3

Switch 4

Switch 5

OFF

ON

ON

ON

X


The following shows how to set the switches on the boot source selector:

 

 

Once you set the switches, you can apply the following for booting from an SD card.

1. Downloading the image

Download a pre-built snapshot image from SolidRun Images

Those images are built with the suffix of the commit ID of the GitHub - SolidRun/lx2160a_build  project that you can clone and build by yourself.

Please note

The prebuilt images are configured for SO-DIMM DDR4 with speed of 3200, 2900, 2600 and 2400 Mtps (with or without ECC support),. Images that have the prefix lx2160a_xspi are intended to be flashed into SPI and recommended for later use after being booted from micro SD

You can build your own image using the script in here – GitHub - SolidRun/lx2160a_build

2. Writing the image to the SD card

Use the following commands for writing the image to an SD card:

1 xz -dc lx2160acex7_2000_700_....img.xz | dd of=/dev/sdX bs=4k conv=fdatasync

Note: Plug a micro SD into your Linux PC, the following assumes that the micro SD is added as /dev/sdX and all it’s partitions are unmounted.

3. SD card insertion

Please Insert the SD card into your device.

4. Power connection

Connect your power ATX, and then connect the adaptor to mains supply.

5. Serial Connection

Please insert the micro USB into your device, then you can refer to Serial Connection for installing necessary serial connection software in Linux/Windows.

 Stop the u-boot count down by clicking any key –

To flash to eMMC run the following commands (it will wipre your data on the eMMC device).

For this to work eMMC distroboot support is required (patch is here – LSDK-19.09 u-boot support · SolidRun/lx2160a_build@75891e5  )

1 2 3 load mmc 0:1 0xa4000000 ubuntu-core.img mmc dev 1 mmc write 0xa4000000 0 0xd2000

Please Note:

The above commands should be run only once (in the fist boot).

Boot the machine by running ‘boot’ in u-boot.

Once you installed the necessary serial connection software and ran the above commands , you should be able to see the following:

  • In order to be able to log in , please insert “root” as a username and password as follows:

Please note

If you are willing to use a similar image in production you must change this password, or completely disable root login.

6. Final stages

The following stages need to be done in order to finalise the imaging:

  1. Run fdisk /dev/mmcblk0 if using SD, or run if using fdisk /dev/mmcblk1 eMMC.

  2. Recreate the first partition by deleting it and then creating a new partition that starts at block 131072 and extends to the end of the drive (or less depending on your needs).

  3. Write the new partition, when prompt about ‘Do you want to remove the signature?’ then answer with yes.

  4. Run resize2fs /dev/mmcblk0p1 if using SD Card, or Run resize2fs /dev/mmcblk1p1 if using eMMC.

  5. In this stage the root partition should be big enough to start populating it; but first update the RTC clock.

  6. Connect the RJ45 to your network with internet access (and DHCP server); and then run dhclient .

  7. Update the RTC clock by running ntpdate pool.ntp.org and then hwclock -w.

  8. Run apt-update and then populate the root filesystem as you wish.

Please see below an example of resizing the filesystem :

SFP Modules

For some SFP modules that work on SolidRun networking hardware platforms, please refer to SFP Modules .

Using the built-in NICs

In case of SERDES configuration of 8 (default build) then dpmac.3 to dpmac.10 can be exposed. Those are 8x10Gbps interfaces where first 4 dpmac.3 to dpmac.6 can be obtained by using a 40G to 4x10G splitter cable (or so called octopus cable) when connected to HoneyComb / ClearFog CX QSFP28 port and dpmac.7 to dpmac.10 are on the 2×2 SFP+ connector cage.

For example – dpmac.9 is the SFP+ port on the upper row and left towards PCB edge –

1 ls-addni dpmac.9

and then a new ethX ethernet interface is attached to the kernel.

For SERDES SD1 config 20 which is dual 40G, then dpmac.1 and dpmac.2 are to be used where dpmac.1 is achieved directly by using the QSFP port and dpmac.2 by using an 40G to 4x10G splitter cable where the splitter cable is connected to HoneyComb.

For different dpmac configuration please refer to the reference manual on different SERDES configuration and how it’s map to the different dpmacs.

Packet Generator using DPDK

Following is an example instructions that demonstrates using the DPDK framework that is built in the lx2160a_build project under build/dpdk/ directory –

  1. Make sure that the kernel is booted with the following variables in the command line –

    1 default_hugepagesz=1024m hugepagesz=1024m hugepages=2 isolcpus=1-15 iommu.passthrough=1

    If using the above installation of Ubuntu then the /extlinux/extlinux.conf file should look as follows (the default installation with the addition of isolcpus=1-15 iommu.passthrough=1) –

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 TIMEOUT 30 DEFAULT linux MENU TITLE linux-lx2160a boot options LABEL primary MENU LABEL primary kernel LINUX /boot/Image   FDT /boot/fsl-lx2160a-cex7.dtb  APPEND console=ttyAMA0,115200 earlycon=pl011,mmio32,0x21c0000 default_hugepagesz=1024m hugepagesz=1024m hugepages=2 isolcpus=1-15 iommu.passthrough=1 pci=pcie_bus_perf root=PARTUUID=30303030-01 rw rootwait
  2. From build/dpdk directory under the lx2160a_build project, search for dynamic_dpl.sh and testpmd files and copy them over to the LX2160A Ubuntu root filesystem

  3. Run the following that will generate 10Gbps traffic on dpmac.10 using only a single core. Can be used to generate traffic on dpmac.1 and other interfaces –

1 2 3 dynamic_dpl.sh dpmac.10 export DPRC=dprc.2 testpmd -c 0x3 -n 1 -- --txd=1500 --txpkts=1500 --tx-first --auto-start --forward-mode=txonly --stats-period=10

Notice that DPRC variable in this case holds the output of dynamic_dpl.sh

An alternative way to run testpmd in interactive mode is as follows –

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 dynamic_dpl.sh dpmac.10 export DPRC=dprc.2 testpmd -c 0x3 -n 1 -- --txd=1500 -i set fwd txonly set txpkts 1500 show port info 0 show config txpkts start

GPUs

GPUs that were briefly tested –

  1. AMD RX550 2GB – requires installing the kernel modules first and then ‘linux-firmware’ package. Running ‘glmark2’ under X results 4633 and ‘glmark2 –fullscreen’ results 3983.

  2. GeForce GTX 1050 2GT OCV1 – requires instsalling the kernel modules (simply untar on the root filesystem root directory) then the GPU is recognized and initialized. windowed glmark2 result is 150; which is very poor and most probably related to the OSS drivers (no binary drivers for ARM as for the time writing this article).

Tips

  1. sshd is disabled by default for root access. Edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config and set ‘PermitRootLogin yes’

  2. ssh to the machine might take long time after boot. To accelerate that install ‘rng-tools’ where it’s main daemon increases the kernel’s entropy and accelerates random number key generation (which used by libssl and sshd afterwards).

Example to install Gentoo from the Ubuntu

Gentoo is a free and open-source distribution with a rolling-release model.
The bootloader and kernel provided are recent enough to install Gentoo from the eMMC Ubuntu to the NVMe or SATA device.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 apt install btrfs-progs mkfs.btrfs /dev/nvme0n1p1 mount /dev/nvme0n1p1 /mnt cd /mnt # change 20200609 with what's available here http://distfiles.gentoo.org/experimental/arm64/ wget http://distfiles.gentoo.org/experimental/arm64/stage3-arm64-20200609.tar.bz2 mount --rbind /dev dev mount --make-rslave dev mount -t proc /proc proc mount --rbind /sys sys mount --make-rslave sys mount --rbind /tmp tmp cp /etc/resolv.conf etc chroot . /bin/bash env-update && . /etc/profile emerge-webrsync emerge superadduser openssh vim # Set the root password passwd # enable root login vim /etc/ssh/sshd_config # or create your user superadduser your_user ln -s /etc/init.d/net.{lo,eth0} rc-update add sshd default reboot

 

Please note

  • If you need to install the Gentoo to the SATA change the /dev/nvme0n1p1 to /dev/sdx.

  • In the same way, can install Debian or another Linux arm64 distribution.

 

Please note

  • The default bootcmd probes every device and looks for a /extlinux/extlinux.conf

  • The kernel command line uses the PARTUUID to boot the right drive can editing the root in the extlinux.conf to use directly root=/dev/nvme0n1p1 or  root=/dev/sdx .

Build From Source

  • Download a pre-built snapshot image based on Ubuntu 20.04 from here SolidRun Images

  • Download a UEFI firmware for the LX2160a from here SolidRun Images

Documentation

  File Modified

ZIP Archive ClearFog-CX-and-HoneyComb-Schematics-and-Layout-4977.zip

Dec 26, 2021 by SolidRun

ZIP Archive ClearFog CX LX2, HoneyComb LX2 Mechanical.zip

Dec 26, 2021 by SolidRun